Play annotation
Play annotation
እሳ ታይ እያ ነይራ ስማ?
what was its name?
Play annotation
እስካርቤሎ .
.Chisel.
Play annotation
እዚኣ ንምንታይ ትጥቀመላ ማለት እዩ ?
what’s its purpose?
Play annotation
እዚኣ ንዚ ከምዚ መፈርፈሪ
I use it to make this
Play annotation
ትጥቅምላ ማለት እዩ .
thing leveled .
Play annotation
ከምዚ ገይርካ
to know whether
Play annotation
ዝደለካዮ ነገር ኩሉ ትቅብቅበሉ ማለት እዩ .
it’s leveled or not, you do it like this …
Play annotation
ነዊሕን ሓፂርን ንምፍላጥ
to make it smooth and leveled .
Play annotation
ከመይ ነዊሕን ሓፂርን ?
what do you mean leveled …
Play annotation
ዘብዚ እኒሆ ሕዚ ተስትካክሎ ከለካ እዚኤን እኒሄውካ ዶ ወጣ ገባ ዝኮነ
for example; this part, to make it leveled you
Play annotation
ንኣተን ሕዚ ክተስተካክል ክተፅርይ ተኮይንካ
have to chisel it with this one to make
Play annotation
ንኣተን እንዳወቀኣካ ትግበረን ትክእል .
it smooth and leveled.
Play annotation
Play annotation
Play annotation
Play annotation
Play annotation
Play annotation
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Play annotation
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Play annotation
ብዚኣ ዲካ ዘብዚ እኒሆብዚኣ ዲካ ትጅምር
as I can see it, you have a lot of chisel,
Play annotation
ሕዚ ምሉእ እንተነይሩ ሲ
so which one do you use first
Play annotation
ዘይተበለት በኣየኑኡ ትጀምሩ ማለት እዩ ?
when you start chiseling?
Play annotation
ብዚኣ ዓሚቁካ በኣ ትጅምር ንውሽጢ ትኣትው .
I start with this one and I chisel deep .
Play annotation
እወ ብዛ ቀጣን ኢካ ትጅምር ማለት እዩ ?
so you start chiseling using the smaller chisel?
Play annotation
እወ በዚኣ ትጅምር ቅድም
yes. You start with this chisel
Play annotation
ውሽጢ ጀሚርካ ምስኣ ታኣትው ድሕሪኡ 50 ተቢላ .
and you chisel deep until 50cm
Play annotation
እዚኣ እንድሕር
and you change another
Play annotation
ሓፂራትካ ትርክበልካ እንድሕር ኮይና
chisel bigger than the first chisel.
Play annotation
ብዚኣ ነዋሕ እዚኣ ትቅይራ .
. It helps you to chisel.
Play annotation
እዚኣ ክሻብ 50 እንኣተውካ ከይዳ
deep and
Play annotation
እዚኣ ናብ ውሽጢ ታኣትው
make
Play annotation
ቀሪብካ ኣስተካኪልካ ማለት እዩ.
it..
Play annotation
ውሽጢ ተአትዋ ሓደ 50 ተአትዋ .
leveled.
Play annotation
Play annotation
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Play annotation
ናብኡ ፅግእ በል .
step back a little bit .
Play annotation
Play annotation
Play annotation
Play annotation
Play annotation
ካብኡ ታይ ትገብር ማለት እዩ ?
what do you do next?
Play annotation
እዚኣ ዝኣከለትካ እዚኣ ዘበለትካ እዚኣ ዝኣተወትልካ
first you start chiseling from the ground
Play annotation
ካብኡ ተቛርፅ .
after chiseling deep,
Play annotation
Play annotation
እዚ እናፈረስካ ድሕሪኡ ኣብኡ ትዓርፍ .
you have to break it down
Play annotation
ድሕሪኡ እግሪ ወዲኢካ ኢካ እኒኢካ .
the rock that you don’t want
Play annotation
እናፍረስካ እናፍረስካ ማዓረ እናበፃሓካ
and it will fall apart, so that means
Play annotation
እዚ ተፍርስ ካዓ ኣባ ትበፅሕብ.
you finished the ground part and
Play annotation
ዘብዚኣ እኒሃ ኣብኣ እናበፃሃካ ከምኣ እናገበርካ ትድይብ .
you keep on chiseling up by that level.
Play annotation
እዚኣ ማዓረ ንምግባር ማለት እዩ ?
is it to make this part leveled?
Play annotation
እወ ከማኣ እናገበርካ እዚኣ ሒዝካ ትከይድ ካብኡ መሊስካ
yes. You chisel it that way.
Play annotation
ኣብኡ ትበፅሕ ትምለስ .
You chisel using the short chisel
Play annotation
ሕዚ ታሓፃረ ተሊካ ብታሓፃር
and if it’s hard to chisel using
Play annotation
ነዊሕ ዘድሊየካ ካዓ ብዚኣ ማለት እዩ .
the short one you change the tall one.
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እዚኣከ ንምንታይ ?
what about this one?For what purpose do you use it? For what purpose do you use it? For what purpose do you use it? For what purpose do you use it? For what purpose do you use it? For what purpose do you use it?For what purpose do you use it? For what purpose do you use it?
Play annotation
እዚኣ ናብዚ ኣብ ከምዚ
this one,
Play annotation
ዓይነት ትፍሕረሉ .
I use it to chisel like this part.
Play annotation
እስኪ ኣእትዋ ስኪ ሕዚ ዘብዚ እኒሆ .
okay, can you place it in now?
Play annotation
እዚኣ.
: this one?
Play annotation
ስማ ታይ እያ ትባሃል ?
what’s its name?
Play annotation
እዚ ልሕፂ ትባሃል .
its name is LEHETSI
Play annotation
ልሕፂ እዩ ዝባሃል .
(it is made up of truck spring)
Play annotation
Play annotation
ልሕፂ ይባሃል ባልስትራ ነገር እዩ ታሽሙ
and I use
Play annotation
እዚኢን መካይን ክስታይ ዘሎ .
it to break
Play annotation
ሕዚ እዚኣ ፍሒርና ካብዚኣ ኣብዚኣ
the needless
Play annotation
እዚኣ ሕዚ ክትፍረስ እንድሕር ደሊካያ ማለት እዩ.
rocks, if
Play annotation
ወይም እዚኣ ትፈርሳ እንድሕር ደሊካያ ዝደለካያ ነገር
if you need to
Play annotation
ካብዚኣ ማዓረይ
fell apart
Play annotation
ማዓረ እዚ ከምዚኣ ገይርካ ንውሽጢ ተአትዋ .
the unnecessary
Play annotation
እዚኣ ትወትዋ እዚኣ
part of the rock,
Play annotation
እዚኣ ከምዚኣ ገይርካ
you
Play annotation
ተአትወን እዚኢን ንውሽጢ .
you insert it in …
Play annotation
እወ ኣየናኣ ክተፍርስ እንድሕር ደሊካ
okay, which side of the rock do you want to break now?
Play annotation
እቲ ቡንታ እዚኣ ተፍርስ እንድሕር ደሊካ እዚኣ ማለት እዩ .
if you want to break this part
Play annotation
ከምዚኣ ገይርካ ውሽጢ ትኣትውንን እሞ እዚኢን
of the rock you
Play annotation
ድሕሪኡ ዝንቡንታ ኣን መንጎ እዚኢን እየን ዝዓትው.
place these things in and after that
Play annotation
ኣብ ምንጎ ክልቲኢን ይኣትዋ
you insert the chisel
Play annotation
ኣብዚኣ ሓንቲ ትክውን .
between the LEHETSIS.
Play annotation
እሺ ክውድእ ፅናሕ እሞ ዳሓር ትውስከሉ ኢካ ከምኡ ገይርካ ሓዞ .
okay. Wait, just give me a second and let me finish this …
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Play annotation
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Play annotation
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………………..እዚ ከዚ ኣብ ማኣከል ትኣትው ኣላ ማለት እዩ ?
so that means you are going to place this chisel between the LEHETSIS?
Play annotation
ንሳ ክልቲኢን ተር ኣቢልካ ኣብ ማኣከል ተአትወን ማለት እዩ .
Yes, two of them. And you insert this chisel between those two things.
Play annotation
ክልቲኢን እዚኤን .
If you want more,
Play annotation
ሰለስተ እውን ትገብረን ትኽእል .
, you can make it three.
Play annotation
Play annotation
Play annotation
ኣብ ሞንጎ እዚኣተን እብ ሞንጎ እዚኢን ከምዚ ገይርና ይኣትዋ ኣለዋ ማለት እዩ .
And after you place it
Play annotation
Play annotation
እሳውን ታሓንቲ እብዚ ተአትዋ .
in you hit it with hammer .
Play annotation
ሕዚ እዚኣ ተውሒጠን ሰለዘለዋ እዚኢን ትውቅአን .
so that means you are
Play annotation
ድሕሪኡ እንታይ እዩ ዝገብር እዚይ ይውጥር እዚ ይደፍኦ .
going to hammer the chisel and
Play annotation
ጠቅሊሉ ታይ ክገበር ይገብሮ መሲሉካ
the chisel going to hit the
Play annotation
ኣይሓድግይ ንኩሉ .
LEHETSI and the LEHETSI will push the rock.
Play annotation
ዘብዚ እኒሆ ደፍእ ወጢሩ የፍርሶ ንብ ምሉኡ ማለት እዩ .
Finally, the rock will fell apart.
Play annotation
Play annotation
Play annotation
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Play annotation
Play annotation
Play annotation
Play annotation
Play annotation
ሕዚ ሓደ ሰብ ድዩ ዘድሊየካ ሕዚ ኣብ ማኣከል ተአትው ከለካ
Now, do you need people to help you when you reach in the middle
Play annotation
ኣብ ማኣከል ተአትው ተለካ ሓደ በይንካ ዲካ ተአትው ወይስ ?
or you do it alone?
Play annotation
በይንካ ኢካ ነናይ ባዓሉ እዩ ልሰርሕ ሰብ ኩሉ ቦታ .
No, I do it alone. Everybody has its own part to chisel.
Play annotation
ከመይ ገይርካ እማ ኣአቲካዮ ትቆርቆር ለካ ማለት ድዩ ዝቡንታ እዚ ?
How did you place this thing in?
Play annotation
እወ እዚኣ ናብ ውሽጢ እዚኣ እኮ ካብዚ ናብዚ ትሽርሽር እያ ናብ ውሽጢ ታትው እያ.
Yes. You place this one after you break some part of the rock
Play annotation
ሓደ 20 ሳንቲም ያትው እሉ እወዶ ሓቀይ .
around 20cm deep. So you break the
Play annotation
ይሽርሽራ ኣለኩ ከምዚ እናገበርኩ .
part of the rock this way.
Play annotation
Play annotation
Play annotation
ሓዛ እሞ እዛ ሓንቲ .
So this one …
Play annotation
20 ሳንቲም ንሳ ውሽጢ ታኣትው ኣላ ክንደይ ትክውን ንሳ ?
You place this thing in 20cm deep. What’s the height of that one?
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ካሊእ ……………. እቲኣ እንታይ ኢካ ዝበልካኒ ?
Another … what was the name of that thing ?
Play annotation
እዚ ልሕፂ………….
this one… LEHETSI …
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Play annotation
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ማርቲሎ.
hammer.
Play annotation
Play annotation
እዚ ኣብዚ እኒሆ ከ ካልእ ናይ ባዕሉ ስም እኒሆው ድዩ ?
How about this thing, does it have another name?
Play annotation
እሱ ቡንታ እዩ እሱ ኩሉ ሓደ ዓይነት እዩ .
Punta (it’s similar with chisel by its shape but bigger than chisel) and it’s all the same.
Play annotation
ክንደይ ኪሎ ይከውን እዚ ?
how much does it weight?
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6 ኪሎ .
6 kilogram .
Play annotation
እቲ ከ ክንደይ ኪሎ ታይ እዩ እዚ ከ ?
how about that one… how much does it weight and what’s its name?
Play annotation
ማላኪኖ.
malakino.
Play annotation
እዚ ከ ንምንታይ እዩ ጥቅሙ ?
and this one? What’s its purpose?
Play annotation
እዚ ንቲ ነቃዕ እሞ ምፍርራስ ዛኣበየካ ብዚ ገይርካ ተፍርሶ .
this one, I use it for a cracked rock to break the rock
Play annotation
ምዋሮ እውን ኣሎ ተወሰነ .
and there is also axes.
Play annotation
እቲ ዝነቀዐ መፍረሲ .
to break the cracked rock?
Play annotation
ምዋሮ ካኣ ኣምፂኢካ ምስኡ
yes. To break the cracked rock,
Play annotation
እወ እቲ ዝነቅዐ በዚ ገይርካ ዘአተካዮ
you place this thing in to the cracked part.
Play annotation
ብዚ ገይርካ ኢካ ተፍርሶ .
Sometimes, you don’t break it
Play annotation
ምካድ እንድሕር ኣቢኻ ተነቂኡ ሱቅ እንድሕር ኢሉ ስቁ እንድዩ ዝብል
down easily but you can break it
Play annotation
ከምዚ ገይርካ ተፍርሶ .
down like this.
Play annotation
Play annotation
ትስሕቦ ዲካ ሕዚ ትወቅዖ ኢካ ?
are you going to pull it or hit it?
Play annotation
ከምዚ ገይርካ እባ ተአትዎ እዚ
you place it like this and
Play annotation
ትስሕቦ ኣለካ ሕዚ .
now you pull .
Play annotation
Play annotation
ሓደ ግዜ ማኣልቲ ወሲዲና ገለስ
he is saying that, is it ok with you
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ከመይ ከምዝስራሕ ተርእየና ትኽእል ዶ እዩ ዝብለካ ዘሎ ?
if you show us how you do this chiseling thing one day?
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ይካኣል
sure. If you bring
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ሰራሓተኛ አወዒልካ
me some full
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ሰራሓተኛ ዶ ትቆፅር .
day workers.
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አረ ባዓልካ እባ ብስሩ ከምዚ ከምዝስርሕስ ስራሕተኛ እነተይ ኮይነስ
no. we want to see you doing it,
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ንስካ ባዓልካ ከምዚ ትሰርሖ ስ መሳሪሒካ ሒዝካ ትከድ እሞ
we don’t want another worker. We want to see you working, just bring all your
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ከምዚ ከምዝስራሕ ተርእየና ትክእል ዶ እኒሆ ?
materials needed for the work with you and you will show us how you do it?
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በቃ እኒሆ እንድዩ ፀገም የብሉን .
no problem.
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ኣብ ስራሕ ማዓልቲ ኣብዚ እኒሆ
On a working day I can show you
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እስካርቤሎ ሒዝና ንሰርሕ ንክእል ኢና .
and we have a chisel so…
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ኣበይ ይስራሕ ማለት እዩ ዘብዚ እኒሆ ?
where are those tools made?
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እዚኦም ?
those tools?
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እህ ………… እዞም ኣንጥረኛ ማለት ድዩ ?
Emm… those are made by blacksmith?
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እወ ሓደ እኒሆ ኣብዚ ኣንጥረኛ .
yes. There is a blacksmith here
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ኣቡኡ ይስራሕ .
and we made it there.
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ከምዚ ፈላሻ ዓይነት ድዮም ዞም ኣንጥረኛ ?
the blacksmith guy, is he like those FLASHAS?
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ዞም ከምዚ ዝሰርሑ ከመይ እዮም ዝስርሑ ?
How do they made those things?
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ከምዚይ ዝስርሑ እኒሂዉ ብስሩ ናይ ባዓላቶም .
there are some smiths who can made those things.
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ፍላሻ እኒሂው ድዮም ኣብ ትግራይ?
are there any FLASHAS here in Tigray?
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ታይ ዓይነት ሰባት እዮም እዞም ዝሰርሕዎ ማለት እዩ ?
what kind of smiths are they?
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ማንማ ዝኮነ ሰብ ይሰርሖ .
Anyone can do it.
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ካብ ቤተሰብ ዝወራረስ ነገር እዩ ከምዚ ዝሰርሓ ?
Do they inherit it form their family or …?
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እወ ዝወራረስ እዩ እወ ከምኡ እዮም እኒሄው ሕዚ እውን .
Yes, they inherit it from their family. And it’s still like that.
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ሓውዜን እኒሆው ድዮም ሓውዜን እኒሆው ድዮም ?
Is there any smith here in HAWZEN?
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ሓውዜን እኒሄው እዮም ልተወሰኑ .
There are some blacksmiths .
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ክባራት ድዮም ከ ዋግኦም ?
Are they expensive?
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እዚኦም እወ 300 ፣400 ይውድእ እዚ .
These are 300birr those are 400birr.
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እቶም እስካርቢሎ ከ ?
How about those chisels?
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እዚ እስካርቢሎ እዚ .
Those chisels …
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ካብዚ ክንድዚ ክሳብ ክንድዚ .
Its cost is this much (how much does it cost)….?
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እወ እዚኣ ሕዚ 50 ቅርሺ ተውፅእ .
Okay its cost is 50birr.
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ካብ 50 ቅርሺ ታንእሽተይ ከ ክንደይ ተውፅእ ማለት እዩ ?
How about the smaller one?
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ከምኡ ብደረጅኡ 25 እናበለ .
It has its own level and this is 25birr.
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ካብ ምንታይ ይወፅእ እቲ ሓጭን ማለት እዩ ?
Where does the iron come from?
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ናይ መኪና ናይ መኪና ባሊስትራ ካብናይ ዝኮነ ነገር
We get it from a
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ዝተሰባበረ ነገር ካብ ከሙ እዩ.
broken down cars.
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ብዙሕ ግዚ ዶ ይፀንሕ ዶ እዚኣም ከ ?
do they last long?
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እዚኣም ?
those things?
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ከም ተጠቀምካሎም ተተጠቀምካሎም ይውድኡ እዮም ኣብ ዓመት ክልተ ዓመት .
it can be damaged within one or two years .
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እንድሕር ዘይተጠቀምካሎም ያው ከም ኣጠቃቅማካ እዩ .
if you use them, but it depends how you use them…
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ካሊእ ላብዚኦም ሓድሽ ዝውሰክ ነገር እኒሆ ድዮ ዝውሰክ ነገር እኒሂዎ ድዩ ?
are there any other tools which can be added?
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እረ ክዛእ ምዛእ ተዘይኮይኑ ካሊእ ነገር የብሉምን
No.
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እምበይ ካሊእ ነገር ይብሎን ማለት እዩ ?
so there are no other tools?
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የብሎምን ………
no,
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ንሶም እዮም.
there are no other tools .